Data privacy is also known as information privacy. Both terms refer to the fact that information exists about people that is important and unique to them. Details about their lives, like medical facts, passport numbers or financial records, are all examples of this information – or data. In interacting with one another and with businesses in today’s world, this data is frequently input into computers and transmitted from location to location over the Internet. Because this information is sensitive, it’s important that it be kept confidential; keeping data safe is the goal of data privacy regulations.